Together the authors have trained more than 1,000 elite athletes, including Olympic, world, continental, and national champions and record holders. The concepts they divulge are influenced by both Eastern European and North American perspectives. The authors integrate those concepts in solid principles, practical insights, coaching experiences, and directions based on scientific findings. This edition is much more practical than its predecessor; to this end, the book provides the practitioner with the understanding to craft strength training programs based on individuals’ needs.
Science and Practice of Strength Training, Second Edition, shows that there is no one program that works for any one person at all times or for all conditions. This book addresses the complexity of strength training programs while providing straightforward approaches to take under specific circumstances. Those approaches are applied to new physiological concepts and training practices, which provide readers with the most current information in the science and practice of strength training. The approaches are also applied to the three new chapters, which will help readers design safe and effective strength training programs for women, young athletes, and seniors. In addition, the authors provide examples of strength training programs to demonstrate the principles and concepts they explain in the book.
The book is divided into three parts. Part I focuses on the basis of strength training, detailing concepts, task-specific strength, and athlete-specific strength. Part II covers methods of strength conditioning, delving into training intensity, timing, strength exercises, injury prevention, and goals. Part III explores training for specific populations. The book also includes suggested readings that can further aid readers in developing strength training programs.
This expanded and updated coverage of strength training concepts will ground readers in the understanding they need in order to develop appropriate strength training programs for each person that they work with.
Chapter 1. Basic Concepts of Training Theory
- Adaptation As a Main Law of Training
- Generalized Theories of Training
- Training Effects
Chapter 2. Task-Specific Strength
- Elements of Strength
- Determining Factors: Comparison Across Tasks
Chapter 3. Athlete-Specific Strength
- Muscle Force Potential (Peripheral) Factors
- Neural (Central) Factors
- Taxonomy of Strength
Part II: Methods of Strength Conditioning
Chapter 4. Training Intensity
- Measurement Techniques
- Exercising With Different Resistance
- Training Intensity of Elite Athletes
- Optimal Training Intensities From Comparative Research
- Methods of Strength Training
Chapter 5. Timing in Strength Training
- Structural Units of Training
- Short-Term Planning
- Medium-Term Planning (Periodization)
Chapter 6. Strength Exercises
- Exercise Selection for Beginning Athletes
- Exercise Selection for Qualified Athletes
- Additional Types of Strength Exercises
- Experimental Methods of Strength Training
- Breathing During Strength Exercises
Chapter 7. Injury Prevention
- Training Rules to Avoid Injury
- Biomechanical Properties of Intervertebral Discs
- Mechanical Load Affecting the Intervertebral Discs
- Injury Prevention to the Lumbar Region
Chapter 8. Goal-Specific Strength Training
- Strength Performance
- Power Performance
- Muscle Mass
- Endurance Performance
- Injury Prevention
Part III: Training of Specific Populations
Chapter 9. Strength Training for Women
- The Female Athlete’s Need for Strength Training
- Benefits and Myths of Strength Training for Women
- Trainable Characteristics of Muscle
- Physiological Contrasts Between Women and Men
- Strength Training Guidelines for Women Athletes
- Incidence of Injuries
- Menstrual Cycle and Strength Training
- The Female Athlete Triad
Chapter 10. Strength Training for Young Athlete
- Safety and Strength Training for Young Athletes
- When to Start
- Benefits of Strength Training for Young Athletes
- Myths of Strength Training for Children
- Strength Training Guidelines for Young Athletes
Chapter 11. Strength Training for Senior Athletes
- Age and Its Effects on Strength and Power
- Training for Strength Gains
- Training for Muscular Power
- Nutrition, Aging, and Exercise Challenges
- Recovery From Resistance Exercise
- Strength Training and Bone Health
- Strength Training Guidelines for Senior Athletes
About the Authors
Vladimir Zatsiorsky, PhD, is a professor of kinesiology at Penn State University in State College, Pennsylvania. A strength and conditioning consultant for Olympic teams from the former Soviet Union for 26 years, Zatsiorsky has trained hundreds of world-class athletes. He has also authored or coauthored 15 books and more than 350 scientific papers. His books have been published in several languages, including English, Russian, German, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, Italian, Polish, Czech, Rumanian, Serbo-Croatian, Hungarian, Bulgarian. He has received honorary doctoral degrees from universities in Poland and Russia and is an honorary member of the International Association of Sport Kinetics. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, listening to classical music, and exercising.
William Kraemer, PhD, is a professor in the department of kinesiology at the University of Connecticut at Storrs, where he works in the Human Performance Laboratory. He also is a professor in the department of physiology and neurobiology and a professor of medicine at the University of Connecticut Health Center.
Kraemer held multiple appointments at Pennsylvania State University, where he was professor of applied physiology, director of research in the Center for Sports Medicine, associate director of the Center for Cell Research, and faculty member in the kinesiology department and the Noll Physiological Research Center.
Kraemer has served on the Sports Medicine Committee for the United States Weightlifting Federation and on the Sport Science and Technology Committee for the United States Olympic Committee. He received the Provost's Research Excellence Award from the University of Connecticut in 2005 and National Strength and Conditioning Association Lifetime Achievement Award for bringing science into the development of strength and conditioning programs.
He is editor in chief of the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, an associate editor of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, and an editorial board member of the Journal of Applied Physiology. A former junior high and college coach, Kraemer has coauthored many books and articles on strength training for athletes.
Andrew C. Fry, PhD, is a professor in the department of health, sport, and exercise sciences at the University of Kansas. After obtaining his bachelor’s degree in physical education at Nebraska Wesleyan University, he earned his master’s degree in exercise science from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and his doctorate in exercise physiology from Penn State University.
During his two-year postdoctoral training, Fry studied cellular and molecular muscle physiology at Ohio University. This was followed by 13 years at the University of Memphis, where he was the director of the Exercise Biochemistry Laboratory. At the University of Kansas, he helped develop the Research and Coaching Performance Team in collaboration with University of Kansas Athletics. His research interests over the years have consistently focused on physiological and performance responses and adaptations to resistance exercise, as well as overtraining.
A reference for strength and conditioning specialists and researchers and exercise physiologists. Also a course text for graduate-level students in strength and conditioning courses and exercise physiology courses.